- Growing demand for organic fertilizer
The global organic fertilizer market is growing at a high rate in terms of volume, and the market continues to grow due to factors such as the expansion of organic farming, growing interest in environmental issues worldwide and the growing demand for organic products in Europe and North America. One of the most common material of organic fertilizer is composted animal manure.
- What is “composted manure”?
Manure of animals such as chicken or cow can be a source of high-quality organic fertilizer if it’s composted properly. Composting is a biological process of biodegradable waste being decomposed by microorganisms under aerobic conditions, and the main keys for good composting process are correct humidity, temperature, and oxygen supply. There is a common misconception that all manure processing in open facility has strong bad smell regardless the procedure, however in most cases it’s because the process is going anaerobic.
- Importance of mature compost
If livestock waste is not processed properly, it can cause environmental problems such as groundwater contamination, emission of bad odor and a huge outbreak of flies. In addition, immature compost may contain pathogens that damage plants, and spread harmful bacteria such as salmonella and E. coli. Therefore, it is important that compost be completely mature before it’s applied to soil as fertilizer. In fact, properly composted manure in aerobic process does not smell badly, but it should have some smoky odor. It is important to know that it’s possible to avoid anaerobic compost and bad odor by treating the manure properly.
- Kohshin’s composting system
Kohshin Engineering provides poultry equipment worldwide including fully automatic composting machine which turns different type of biodegradable waste (such as; livestock waste, poultry manure, food waste etc.) into high-quality composted organic fertilizer. Kohshin has been focusing on the quality of final product instead of just processing the manure, regardless the type of material to be processed. During the process appropriate amount of air is supplied to the material automatically using timers so the suitable composting environment will be maintained and the temperature of material can rise up to 65-80℃.
- Features of Kohshin composting machine
When a farm owner chooses a composting system, the cost is an important factor as much as the quality and the functions of equipment. Kohshin takes importance on the durability of machine and provides durable composters that can be used for 10-20 years with proper maintenance. By using Sumitomo’s cyclone motor instead of a general gear motor, the speed reducer runs smoothly and prevents damage caused by impact on the machine. Also, by galvanizing the main parts thru hot dipped in zinc alloy, the machine lasts longer. In addition, our machine is designed to produce a pelletized final product, which means there is no need to purchase an additional pelletizing machine. In terms of running cost of operation our machine can be beneficial as well, since the electricity cost of the monthly operation is about 20 to 30 times less than that of tank system.
- New technologies to prove the safety of composted manure
One of the required factors is oxygen to sustain good environment for composting process. Kohshin has been collecting data on the relationship between temperature and air volume in consideration of improving the efficiency of composting livestock manure using our specialized sensors, and based on those data we have developed IoT system to grasp the optimum amount of air volume to raise the temperature of material in a short time. By introducing this system farmers can keep track of the data and make sure that the composted product is safe to apply to the plants. In addition, the electricity bill can be reduced significantly while supplying optimum amount of air as per system required instead of sending air continuously for hours every day.
- Managing process at a low operation cost
Through the process of developing own Aeration System, Kohshin has established Pre-Composting System which enables higher efficiency of compost at a lower cost. This Pre-composting system not only increases the quality of final product, but it also reduces the machine load as well as the investment on the composting machine since the material volume and humidity can be reduced by supplying the minimum necessary air. We have provided this Pre-composting System in many countries and the users are successfully producing high quality organic fertilizer and reducing the cost on manure processing.
About Kohshin Engineering
Japan-based Kohshin has been developing innovative technologies and products to support the poultry and livestock industry since 1972. The company is one of the leading manufacturers of composting machines for waste treatment which converts animal manure into organic fertilizer, and we pursuit to make more economical and environmentally friendly proposals. We have been providing our products worldwide, and as of 2021 we have reached 36 countries throughout Asia, Europe, Latin America, and Middle East.
For more information, visit www.kohshin-s.jp